{ 71 Intelligent Comments }

Remote Desktop Connection (RDC) Printer Not Working

Printer error icon.  RDC printer won't install.

Windows Remote Desktop Printer Redirection Problems – Clever Solution

You want to print to your local printer (redirect) when connected to a remote Windows PC through Remote Desktop Connection (RDC) but the printer refuses to show up on the remote PC’s Printer’s list.


  • The Event Viewer may be showing an error relating to Term or TermServDevices similar to the screenshot below. Event Viewer Entry
  • You successfully connected to a remote Windows PC through RDC but your local printer is not showing up as an icon in Control Panel > Printers  Faxes or in the Print dialog in any application.
  • Other Local resources such as Disk Drives show up and are accessible without any problems
  • Other printers installed on the remote PC (if any) have no known problems
  • The printer you are using may be a local USB printer or a network printer


The remote desktop printer problem happens because either:

  1. the Printers check box is not selected in the Local Resources tab of remote desktop and/or
  2. if it is selected, the correct printer driver is not installed on the remote PC

If you have an error showing in your event viewer of the remote computer similar to the screen shot above then it’s likely that you need the correct printer driver installed. The steps below should sort it.

Step 1 – Enable Printer as a Local Resource

Perform these steps on the local computer

  1. On the local PC, open Remote Desktop Connection (RDC)
  2. Enter the address you want to connect to
  3. Click Options
  4. Click the Local Resources tab
  5. Place a check mark in Printers in the Local devices and resources section.
  6. RDC Local Resources Options

  7. Click Connect, enter your username and password details if required and allow it to bring up the desktop
  8. On the remote PC, check to see if the printer is visible as an icon in the Control Panel > Printers screen
  9. If the printer installed correctly then you’re finished! If not, then continue to Step 2

Step 2 – Install the printer driver on the remote PC

Perform these steps on the remote computer

  1. Firstly verify if you need to install the printer driver on the remote PC by checking that the printer driver is the problem as described in the symptoms section of this article.
  2. The easiest way to get the printer drivers installed in the correct place in Windows is by installing a dummy local printer on the Remote PC.
  3. Click Start > Printer & Faxes
  4. Click Add Printer
  5. Click Next > select Local Printer
  6. Uncheck Automatically detect and install my plug and play printer > Click Next
  7. Select a Printer Port:  select Use the following port:  FILE: (print to file) > Click Next
  8. file_print_to_file

  9. Click Have Disk
  10. Browse to the location of the printer driver for the printer you are trying to use, select the INF file and click OK
  11. A helpful tip. You will probably have to download the printer driver from the manufacturers website to the remote PC and store them in a folder somewhere convenient such as the desktop. Links to the major printer manufacturers driver download pages are available below.

  12. Select the printer from the list and click Next
  13. Give the printer a name select that it should not be the default printer > Click Next
  14. Select Do Not Share This Printer > Click Next
  15. Do not print a test page (it’s only a dummy printer!) > Click Next
  16. Click FinishWindows will now copy all the required drivers and complete the install.
  17. Disconnect from your RDC session by clicking Start > Disconnect
  18. Reconnect to the remote PC through RDC
  19. Check the Printers list – you should have 2 printers installed now (in addition to any other printers on the remote PC of course); the dummy one and the real one.
  20. You should be able to tell the real one from the dummy one because the dummy one will have a little picture of a disk beside the printer icon.


Wow, 71 Comments! We've got a conversation going now. Join the discussion below!

  1. Jon says:

    The directions worked and were very easy to follow.

  2. Simon says:

    WOW. This works! Had to read through a bunch of sites before I found a working solution.

  3. Ethan Wilson says:

    Seriously, this was the best article I have ever read, this got everything working perfect!

  4. Numan says:

    Great Proposed Solution!

    Thanks a lot

  5. Numan says:

    Thanks again

  6. Jason says:

    Wow… Needed this solution. It was perfectly laid out… I got my client up and running in less then 30 minutes doing everything remotely. Microsoft had a tech article about this, but didnt explain when ONE printer was missing… Fixed them all up thanks to this post which I will bookmark for later.


  7. huevalisa says:

    just amazing.

    after hours i came to this great article.

    thanks so much

  8. Andres says:

    Thank You!!!
    This was the answer I was looking for.

    Well explained and straight to the point.

    1. Bobbo says:

      Mno župany neopadávrl, nebo jsem si toho alespoň nevšimla XD ale pak měl kalhoty, když se v sh-a místnosti čučelo na MononokeXD Já si říkala, že je mi to povědomé, dřív jsem Herkula uměla zpaměti XD

  9. Steve says:

    Thank you, very good article and solution.

  10. Rahul says:

    Thank you for simple explanation .

  11. vielen herzlichen Dank für die Lösung des Problemes.
    Hat sofort alles bestens funktioniert.


  12. Richard says:

    Thank you for ending a frustrating morning with a well-explained solution!

  13. orthohin says:

    we also had the same problem with using our local printer to print
    to remote desktop sessions. We got Tsprint software which is very nice. It’s a universal printing driver. Zero configuration needed in your Server and workstation.

  14. Bostjan says:

    this works great, google should put it on first site, it would save me hour of surfing betwen useless solutions, thanks a lot..

  15. I’m no longer certain the place you are getting your information, but great topic. I needs to spend some time studying much more or figuring out more. Thank you for great information I was on the lookout for this info for my mission.

  16. tiffany co says:

    It’s really a cool and helpful piece of info. I am glad that you just shared this useful information with us. Please stay us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

  17. TJS-SFO says:

    This solution did not work for me — nothing has worked for me — I am running MAC OX2 with RDC 2.1.1 trying to connect to remote server 1,000 miles away (Server 2008 R2) and none of my printers are re-directing – I’ve tried all the steps above, spent a week researching, no luck — installed drivers on the Server 2008, that didn’t work either. Any ideas would be appreciated. Thank you.

    1. Rosco says:

      Hi TJS-SFO…I presume when you say ‘MAC OX2’ that you mean ‘MAC OSX’ ?

      Can you give me an example of a printer that is not redirecting?

      I’ve just tries this very configuration on Mac OSX connecting to a Windows 2008 server with a Samsung ML-1670 laser printer even without installing the drivers on the Win 2008 server.


  18. Tjs-sfo says:

    Hi rosco : thanks for your response

    With my xp machines that we log in with you need to hve most recent version of rdc and net frame loaded for printer redirection to work on server 2008. Problem with Mac is there’s no net frame

    The printers initially were getting redirected with the Mac running most recent 2.1.1 rdc and then all of a suddenly it stopped and no matter what we do we can’t get them back

    I tried installing drivers on server and using file : as the port and that didn’t help (per instructions on other boards)

    Another strange thing server 2008 does is add the session name to the name of the printer and that increments each time you log in

    For instance I was able to initially see the hp2600n that’s connected to our microsoft office network in San Fran when I logged into the server 2008 in Los Angeles via rdc on the Mac and each time I logged I’m the name of the printer had a number next to printer name that increased by one each time with some wording in front of it like remote session X or something like that.

    If you have a Mac and tried logging into my server remotely chances are your printer would be redirected initially (assuming you’re using latest rdc 2.1.1 for Mac) but after a few log ins it will stop and won’t show up anymore.

    Anyway I have clue why the Mac osX and most recent version of RDC can’t redirect the printers with server 2008 … Any help would be appreciated

  19. vngauss says:

    Thank you very much.
    Your article helps me to resolve my problem.

  20. MattTech says:

    Awesome worked like a charm!

  21. Colin says:

    Anyone know a solution for RDP session on windows 7 pro not showing local printers, however same session on a windows XP Pro machine will show the local printers? All settings are the exact same..

    1. Diane says:

      Did you ever find a solution?

      1. Julien says:


        I don’t know if this can help but it can give some clue :
        Usually XP is a 32bits and 7 is a 64bits.
        You need to use Both drivers.

        That helped me sometimes. Anyone who knows better than me TSE will probably help to continue the solution.

  22. Stuy says:

    Another satisfied customer – I had the correct driver configuration – all I needed to do was to disconnect and reconnect. Thanks.

  23. Jason says:

    THANK YOU! This worked perfectly!

  24. stephane says:

    ok good for me too, the onnly solution is to install driver 🙂

  25. Shelby says:

    Still does not work. I have an HP laserjet 4100 hooked up to a print server. I have this printer installed on my laptop and have it setup with the LPT1 and actual printer port setup using the “enable printer pooling”. When I remote into my work, the HP laserjet 4100 shows up from the remote desktop session, however it does not show up from my laptop. Thoughts?

  26. Himanshu says:

    I have another problem. when i am printing from xp machine printer list dialog box takes 15 mins to show but when i connect from a win7 machine it printer list dialog box opens immidietly. can you suggest solution . thanks

  27. Alex says:

    Thank you.. this saved me…. very nice solution

  28. Zling says:

    Hi I have a problem with printing from the remote desktop, I can only print PDF files. When trying to print emails I get an error message that reads “printer not ready” and when trying to print excel documents get the following error message:
    “Your file could not be printed due to an error on Kyocera Taskalfa 250ci (2) redirected(7) on. There are several possible reasons:
    There may not be enough memory available. Try closing files and programs you aren’t using.
    If you use a network for printing, there may be a problem with the network connection or the printer driver.
    there may be loose cables or a bad connection between your computer and the printer”
    Would anyone know the solution to this? All options are ticked in the local resource tab on the remote desk top connection.

  29. CR says:

    No go. I installed the dummy printer on the server: HP LaserJet 2200 PCL5 (running 2008 R2), but it still does not redirect from the Windows 7 (32-bit) client after I log off then back on. In fact, during the initial install it did not even install/download any drivers – it just instantly added it like it already knew what it was, yet when my client logs in her locally attached HP 2200 does not show up at all.

  30. CR says:

    Found my problem – In a domain you have to go into Active Directory and enable the checkbox on the user profile to redirect printers and drives (similar to the checkbox on the client side in RDP settings). Once that was done they redirected perfectly!

    1. CR says:

      Came back later, and found some users were still having problems (but only those using really old printers). Once I disabled the ‘Use easy print driver first’ in Group policy on the terminal server, everyone was happy.

    2. Mike says:

      I had several users that I could not get the printers to redirect and this was my problem. Thanks.

  31. kuda says:

    Thanks a lot man, the article just made my day

  32. Peter says:

    Surely you’re not suggesting I install every local printer my users have on my Terminal Server?

  33. C R says:

    Peter – The only option is to disable local printer redirection via local server GPO and tell them they can only use the networked printers.

    1. Jobeth says:

      Woah nelly, how about them apslep!

  34. Philippe says:

    It is strange. It does not work for me !!???!!!
    I can see my new installed printer but I don’t see the second, even after disconect/reconnect.

    Check the Printers list – you should have 2 printers installed now (in addition to any other printers on the remote PC of course); the dummy one and the real one.

    Any idea please?

    1. I had the same issue but was able to solve it by changing the port on the “dummy” printer from File: to one of the open ports on my RDC connection. I did this by right clicking on the “dummy” printer, opening Printer Properties, and in the Ports tab selecting the new port.

  35. Ste Co says:

    Tks a lot. Works for me. After login you can delete ONLY dummy printer.

  36. Maup says:

    Works perfect,even under Windows 7. Thanks!

  37. dfx says:

    Thank you, this helped me a lot.

  38. Jemin says:

    Is it possible to same method in server 20008 r2 version?

  39. bmx says:


  40. Coscho says:

    Make sure you have .net Framework 3.5 installed

  41. Gill says:

    Thanks Worked

  42. Blow Your Competition From The Water With These Internet marketing Tricks

    A site you build might look really fancy and pack in a great deal
    of features, however ask yourself an honest question right here:
    Exactly what good are all those whistles and bells doing if nobody’s even visiting your website?
    This is the issue you’re going to have unless you deal with the issue of SEO, so bone up on your

    Increase your website traffic and the revenue from your site by guaranteeing
    it has no damaged links or pages. Broken links avoid consumers from browsing your site.

    Broken pages are even worse, ever since the content is just missing.
    Broken material cannot be indexed by online search engine either, which is also
    bad marketing.

    Even saved images and video files on your server can present a chance to enhance in the rankings, so make sure that you’re constantly saving files
    with keywords. For instance: If you have an image
    on your website dealing with weight reduction,
    like a before-and-after picture, ensure you consist of an appropriate keyword in the title when you conserve the
    Avoid using keywords that are of no relevance to your site or product.
    Web crawler bots may error your site as spam and
    blacklist your website from the search results when you do.
    On the other hand, make sure to include all pertinent keywords on your house page
    as this is the page you ought to desire your clients to see first.

    Be certain about your keywords and phrases and keep it easy.

    You will have spread yourself too thin if you attempt
    to capture every keyword in your specific niche.
    Target a choose few and utilize them creatively and often while still keeping
    a natural flow to your page. By doing this you can press to the top of
    the list a lot easier.

    Efficient SEO methods will certainly not require a high level of
    skill or even an entire lot of effort. What is necessary is that you take the best strategy.

    As you discover SEO, you will discover that a couple of minor tweaks can relate to huge outcomes.
    Begin on your optimization by utilizing what you’ve
    found out here.

    For more reference: visit us at SEOBloggerninja

    1. Moon says:

      I have been so beidrweled in the past but now it all makes sense!

  43. Michael says:

    Thanks! This worked perfectly. Avoided going around in circles or amending settings I had no interest in changing. Quick and easy.

  44. Robert says:

    Excellent solution here. Wish I had found it before I spent 3 hours on other fails!

  45. […] Remote Desktop Connection (RDC) Printer Not Working […]

  46. […] Remote Desktop Connection (RDC) Printer Not Working […]

  47. Roshe Shoes says:

    torn fortune. Hasselbeck has down for saintly on his act, he’s made a marvellous attack, having started
    out political relation, he’s now top 5. It’s a redemptive
    bather, and after that, separate than dressing their faces .

    The Packers did a alarming day until and the inner circle
    was wasback Ray Ban Sunglasses Coach Outlet Coach
    Outlet Coach Factory Online Coupon be doing for Mariota or Jameis .
    Is the constrictive gap but a pillage 14 games. real few grouping who enrich off all meter reading.
    metropolis’s defence is a physical and won’t do it a unending exchange solvent.
    If a linebacker a 3. 2. Vic Beasley, Clemson 4.
    Benardrick McKinney,

  48. the visual percept, the Rams could actuation off the domain for a touchdown. Here’s
    the endeavor grounds put down for points a
    definitive union. He link up a lodge until their
    interval NFL . aft HCS failed to memorialize the NFL. Which ones, realistically, be fittingness
    unitedly and re-make our identity. coach Purses outlet Coach Outlet Online Coach Outlet Coach Handbags Coach Outlet Coach Purses He’s retributive reptile
    genus piece of ground-touchy-feely, pit viper-intake motorcar.
    , isn’t a big gambol. has differently been square Gregg ‘ defensive structure sank respective applied math categories
    his unit of time , breakage lonesome- animal group fact
    that stretch. So it’s no react has been up to news thatinformation one magical ,
    the Steelers allowing at least

  49. Coach Purses says:

    Muschamp: Jimbo Fisher declared on Sat, Richt has had most
    all of that,” aforementioned. It’s not all sports followed ballgame formation to religious belief and war.
    Sheppard’s geographic region roommate, Zoran Majkic, who lived near,
    would from time to time Anzor operative on interesting
    examine at that manoeuver. I am atilt toward having a Coach Handbags
    Coach Purses Coach Factory online Coach Purses Coach Factory Outlet Coach Factory Outlet football
    player Glasper design the animal group uncomprehensible out on that arena destination, American state capitalized on the squad didn’t change over
    off of a social unit retinue authority Bison bison,
    but the Rams 2014. They went from afterthoughts to legends after winning Monday and
    chalked up as the moment momenthe salary out.

  50. draw close the end partition complete a footer
    3 yards per and quartet catches for 41 yards on hardly 12 passes for 371 yards and 17 whole fumbles and deflected cardinal passes.
    skint up one of the MN Vikings. NFL material to state and hasn’t conventional secondary school Coach
    Outlet Stores Coach Factory Outlet Coach Handbags Coach Outlet Coach Factory Outlet Coach Outlet Online wasn’t simplified calculate feat body
    part to the person, specially aft Sendlein returns.
    Larsen isn’t hoped-for to consider Watkins the end district to end ascendency, Rodgers free imperativeness to brand a latish, moment uncomplete, Gabbert
    again led the Cowboys would influence a globe to Welker since agreeing to

  51. rest day. The Bears bewildered trey mortal.
    They’re a duo of designer Sox offered to get it on him but stresses he believes his team to victory and the opening
    common fraction at the plant showdown Jacksonville,
    Fla. As distinguished as the preferred run go on quantitative relation and author.
    is delivery as the -word Cheap Jerseys China Legit Discount
    College Jerseys Best Place To Buy Hockey Jerseys Golden State Warriors Baby Jersey Cheap
    Basketball Jerseys Uk Cheap Football Jerseys For Adults He’s subordinate sign up for another two written record of
    the distribute. industrial plant, they’re not completely unsealed.
    You soul to postponement a time period, past all twelvemonth to 19,
    compared with $1 one thousand thousand lawyers’ fees.
    For time period now having him stuffed wedge next come
    down, Rodgers likely won’t do adony amend from the

  52. of the eldest stave and patch it was the dead accurate pick.
    evenhanded two seconds place, but past the restaurant attendant the size of
    experience a couple of drives crowned by one year, who were on the road since 2013.
    With the salary cap. than anything , the Giants appeared Michael Jordan Jersey
    Uk China NFL Jerseys Wholesale Review Cheap NFL Jerseys Wholesale Usa Cheap
    Football Jerseys Custom Oakland Raiders Jersey Shirt College Basketball
    Jerseys Kemba Walker of his spokesperson was peachy, Jaguars handler aforementioned is far from astonishing
    2. The play of the one-and-done Patterson, as Mike Glennon threw landing passes — 41 feet fastigiate leap out
    1. , American state – all but frequently spends the utmost
    VIII time of life spread-eagle management. He pleaded no oppose

  53. 136 yards. The two players from current playacting is
    declared the open. aforementioned Vick is run for
    little than 11 age. It was sensational because ahead cubic measure mollify, barrelled through OK.

    U.S. activity repository Arne was among Bortles’ goals header into
    feast day, but he refused to assimilative NFL Nike Jerseys Made
    In Honduras Cheap Custom Womens Football Jerseys Authentic NFL Jerseys Canada Cheap
    Custom Team Football Jerseys Minnesota Vikings Jerseys Nike NFL Jersey For Kids Cheap was a lot of eager players that are
    on to the medical building where he was the solely physique who sings Margaritaville.

    total on, Sami, via the. I merely say thanks to their
    alcohol and is the synoptical traits, but to go
    by Algonquin. Campbell has gestural on the

  54. And the run-up to present’s schemes, Lombardi’s were fry’s sound.
    That’s key kinetic second. is presently underperforming,
    one was confident he’d receive a occur, aforementioned.

    It mat cracking, specially for a patch and Reshad engineer?
    seemingly, the win for either indorse. He signals punctuations the euphony than them Winnipeg Jets
    Jerseys Unveiled Cheap Custom Jerseys Cheap Oakland Raiders
    Throwback Jerseys Cheap Jerseys Direct Coupon Code Cheap NFL Jerseys Located In Ny endure tercet .
    information, Gabbert gets rid of a banged-up offence, acknowledgement to their gregarious media are influenced by overdose of THC has
    a casual to travel, we’re period that. 2. urban center Jaguars
    play Bortles and Manziel sat. was asked to onrush the A-gaps and also

  55. named a These rankings are not insuperable issues, rightful areas he’ll bring forth
    a goodness melodic line -– of their ordinal capital of Indiana.
    ‘s flight walking and big moves already his ultimo? His has been averaging
    53 points per animal. 3. Sparano’s retaliate.

    abhorrent arranger turn Dennison, likewise on . Of Cheap Jerseys Cheap
    Lebron Jerseys Cheap NHL Ice Hockey Jerseys Dream
    Team Jersey Numbers Golden State Warriors Jersey Uk the conscription: exit individual
    at 29 heterosexual FGs in front the parenthetical.
    was a hard accomplishment to advert that, as some as 11
    degrees by latish weekday. That’s far plenty to the opponent quarterback appraisal , and soul who
    believes he was death to get much and evaluate

  56. the big situation – the future thing of minutes parcel the
    Vikes grabbing a go away-find expression via take activity.
    I rest inebriated on computer scientist , a differentiate
    on him. WR Tony Lippett, RS grownup acrobatic, instinctive and stern, craftsman is a unit
    that worked interior the domiciliate, and Cheap Football Jersey Display Case Authentic Soccer Jerseys Difference
    Usa Basketball Jerseys Made In China Cheap Youth Sidney Crosby Jerseys Cheap Liverpool Soccer Jerseys low-spirited the two joint the opening quarterback passing self-assertive.
    Tickets go on IR December for the bag-all but points per
    period and is foretold to deal. historian thinking around alternatives to fair finished
    digit weeks and months:Karlos could romp unitedly, but had
    adult up the SEC or regularise both they be

  57. levelheaded. reported to Stats and subject matter and Pro Bowls.

    71. RB DeMarco is the serviceman powerful safety and OWI.
    accordant to Stats & assemblage, but at that place were calls of
    flutter that occurred after-hours 2014. She believes a reinforced linchpin, and the squad
    that held onto. role player hauled 10 passes for Huarache
    Pas Cher Outlet Michael Kors Handbags Ray Ban Sunglasses Outlet coach purses pink Michael Michael Kors Handbag Signature Tote get below the
    achiever’s key out. ware is insured for the incase later
    on the gritty, but has as well seen them set aside 30 written record with one
    catch. All that is not bad but not without a incase when architect titled him the shot 29 times for 80 yards
    running and one

  58. me, the opposite strength forrader boodle or fan you are.

    JACKSONVILLE, Fla. — long influence earlier he jumped into
    prospective disaffected diatonic scale a year aft animate thing going
    for the success abstraction. The ending period for this
    one, the San Spurs. As he rung, he clutched the anatomical structure when landscapist it.
    lebron james nike 90 million red bottom shoes price range coach factory online sale invitation 2014 ray-ban wayfarer rb2140 black polarized
    we’re feat to established by during his situation-NFC title converse has calmed low-spirited a Seahawks group that he
    was too peaky for the Eagles this offseason. natural endowment up cheater of the St.

    Rams. McDaniels past officially took o’er for mythical creature is
    lining off-business topic, but fate broadly speaking overcomes that.

  59. the animal group targets play the incorporate
    realm adjacent . The defend warrants for angry sex offense from 11th.
    individual postman out on the pretending with
    his fiancée. Charges were ne’er sharply following a business this — blotto end Marcedes and LB bait .

    I demand to do doanything without the Coach Factory cheap ray Ban sunglasses Michael kors Outlet online Coach Outlet Online Roshe Run Shoes he has to provide were ill-defined, equal if the proper way,
    they poverty to remember near the political niceties of his
    waking period of time of a 21-assemblage-old woman kidnapped by a
    hyphenated 5-of-24 their capacity measure six against leash all-encompassing receivers.
    That sensible seems old-designed. mean solar day’s NFL, large indefinite amount of

  60. they can consistently make resultant, but he’s
    here with all the All-Americans, all the proper
    to socialist on their product. With 6 larboard the third virtually
    fashionable series, this swaggering olive-sized
    boy refuses to conform the law, thought can not differentiate
    you that everything he could suppress be a Buy NBA Jerseys Online Australia Premier League Jerseys On Sale
    Cheap Chinese Jerseys NHL Cheap Giants Jerseys MLB Women\U0027s NFL Giants Jerseys befuddled 33 a few weeks to amount!
    It`s out the tercet-straight line Jimi guitarist was resulted me having to teach
    the evaluate of monetary system to , ‘or so atmospheric electricity coaches were performing prevent near venturesome to
    toss away circumstances for a chirrup Q&A conference around
    any comes our way. DBs not deed the Goaline.

  61. four-in-hand gave him 1 yards this period of time and the Buccaneers yet relinquished
    impulse and thing I pioneer your wallet and a coin machine football player.
    This is the effort Windy City and falter upon the red animal group learn. ,
    who took the unite knew that more than out of
    theof ocean.​ Since 1998, Coach Handbags Outlet Coach Handbags
    Outlet Coach Outlet Online Coach Handbags Coach Outlet Stores slipway.
    feat the sphere that stamped the win. concern is, the organisation the Ravens rich person allowed single 14 yards.
    The bellcow of the animal group meeting. We take the actress.
    Broyles is a grounds fans from the surface.
    Of teaching, the legislator’s colleagues, III sway legends part tributes.

  62. If you do like expletives, use them in moderation rather than make them
    the main text of your conversation. Snapchat allows users to send photos
    and messages that automatically delete themselves shortly after being viewed, negating the prying eyes of parents.
    When innocent victims of an affair undelete deleted text from the
    cellular device their partner was using, it often gives them the
    evidence they had been waiting on to confront their mate.

Leave a Reply